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Japanese and JLPT

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Level 4
Counters-mai, -hon, -fun, -nin

Verb-Formsどうし/ Te-Formて‐けい/ te-aruてある/ te-iruている/ Nai-Formない‐けい/ wantほしい/wanto toたい / Shall we/Let'sましょう・ませんか/ Modifying Nouns&Relative clauseしゅうしょく/ Adjectivesけいようし/ Particlesじょし/ Adverbsふくし/ Numbesrかず0-10/ 0-1000/ Big Number/ Countersじょすうし ひとつ/ Countersじょすうし‐ほん‐まい/ Daysようび/ Dateつき・ひ/ Telling timeじこく/ Period of time;Hoursじかん/ This, thatしじご/Conjunctionsせつぞくし/ Interrogative Pronounsぎもんし/ Expressionひょうげん/

Counters of Japanese
There are two types of counters in Japanese language. One of them,hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu type is a Japanese original counter and the other, ichi, ni, san type is Chinese one. Japanese type can be used independently used from 1to 10 only but Chinese type can be used number and counter together like following.
  • Japanese type---Three hamburgers, please. Hanbaagaa o mittsu kudasai.
  • Chinese type --- Three hamburgers, please. Hambaagaa o san-ko kudasai.


ik-ko
ni-ko
san-ko
yon-ko
go-ko
rok-ko
nana-ko
hak-ko
kyuu-ko
juk-ko


Please tell me how many cups of coffe you drink or other items.
ko-hi- o nomimasu.

mayoneezu o kaimasu.

buta ga imasuka.

no-to o kaimasu.


Each object has a specific counter, -hon for long objects like pencils and bottles ,-dai for big machine like cars and computers so on. Japanese type replace Chinese type especially small objects. You can use hitotsu, futats, when you don't know the specific counter for the specific object.

-mai for paper, dishes.
-kai for floors
-satsu for books, magazines.
-hon for penciles, bottles.
-hun for minutes
-ban for nights
-nichi for days
-nin for people








Number Things counter Bottles counter paper counter
1 ichi
2 ni
3 san
4 yon/shi/ yo
5 go
6 roku
7 nana/ shichi
8 hachi
9 kyuu/ ku
10 juu
hitotsu
hutatsu
mittsu
yottsu
itsutsu
muttsu
nanatsu
yattsu
kokonotsu
too
i-ppon
ni- hon
san-bon
yon-hon
go-hon
ro-ppon
nana-hon
hachi-hon
kyuu-hon
ju-ppon
ichi-mai
ni-mai
san-mai
yon-mai
go-mai
roku-mai
nana-mai
hachi-mai
kyuu-mai
juu-mai


















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