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Give and recieve


1 Here are the verbs meant "give" and "recieve" things; あげます、くれます、もらいます。
I gave a present for my mother on Mother's Day. ははのひに プレゼントをあげました。Ireciebed a book from my teacher.せんせいにほんをもらいました。
My teacher gave me a book.先生は私にほんをくれました。



2 And the you will learn an auxiliary verb with the te-form of verbs.The meaning of てあげます is "do something for someone". てくれますis "someone do somethings to me."te-moraimasu. means "recieve benefit from an action by someone"てもらいます。


I bought a present for my mother on Mother's Day. わたしは ははの ひに プレゼントを あげました。
I borrowed a book from my teacher.わたしは せんせいに ほんを かりました。
My teacher lent me a book.せんせいは わたしに ほんを かして くれました。

When we Japanese say わたしは せんせいに ほんを かして もらいました。We add the gratitude for the action that we recieved although せんせいはわたしにほんをかしました。just describe the matter.


Today is your friend'd birthday. What will you give her/him?
Please tell me it out loud, of course.

Question; tomodachi ni nani o agemasu ka.
satoo-san ni o agemasu. katte agemassu.
kashite moraimasu.

Today was your birthday. What did you recieve from her/ him?
Please tell me it out loud of course.

Question; tomodachi ni nani o moraimashita ka.
satoo-san ni o moraimashita. katte moraimashita.


Answer the questions.
Dare ga o kuremashita ka. Haha ga    o kuremashita.

Challenge

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