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Sentence structure

1Place ni Noun ga arimasu/imasu.
There is a girl. Onna no ko ga imasu.
There aresome dogs. Inu ga imasu.
There is a book on the TV. Terebi no ue ni hon ga arimasu.
There are some chairs and some desks in the classroom. Ky?shitsu ni isuto tsukue ga arimasu

2Noun wa Place ni arimasu/ imasu.
Mr. Tanaka is in the offce. Tanaka-san wa kaisha ni imasu.
One of my friends is in London. Tomodachiga hitori rondon ni imasu.
The Restaurant is near the station. Resutoran wa eki no chikaku ni arimasu.
The bed is next to the window. Beddo ga mado no tonari ni arimasu.

● “arimasu” and “imasu”
Both vers means “ to exist/ bing” like “I am in Tokyo.” Watashi wa Tokyo ni imasu or “There are some books on the table.” Teeburu no ue ni hon ga arimasu. imasu is used for animate things like people and animals and so on. However arimasu is used for inanimate thigs like books, cars, and shops, etc.



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Person wa Noun ga suki desu./ suki dewaarimasen.(Na-Adjective)

Person
wa Noun ga iidesu./ yoku arimasen.  ( i-Adjective)
 

This structure is used for Ability, desire/ need, fondness, emotion.
listed below are the verbs(-masu) and adjectives(-desu) which useally require this sentence structure. And "ga" is used for the object in the sentence instead of "o".

1. Ability
understandable, understand;wakarimasu(verb)
can do; dekimasu (verb)  
 Sumisuーsan wa nihonngo ga dekimasu./dekimasen
good at; joozu desu (Na-Adjective)  
 Ichiro wa yakyuu ga joozudesu./ joozu dewa arimasen.
poor at; heta desu (Na-Adjective)
 watashi wa eigo ga hetadesu./ heta dewa arimasen.

2. Desire/ Need
want something; hoshii desu (I-Adjective)
 watashi wa i-pod ga hoshii desu./ hoshikunaidesu.
want to do; shi-tai desu. (I-Adjective)
 watashi wa kamera ga kaitaidesu./ kaitakunaidesu.
need; irimasu (verb)
 watashi wa okane ga irimasu./ irimasen.
3. fondness,
like; sukidesu ( Na-Adjective)
 watashi wa sushi ga sukidesu. / sukidewa arimasen.
dislike; kirai desu (Na-Adjective)
 kodomo wa yasai ga kirai desu./ kirai dewa arimasen.

4. emotion
embarrassing; hazukashii desu (I-Adjective)
nostalgic; natsukashii desu (I-Adjective)
hateful; nikurashii desu (I-Adjective)
fearful; kowai desu (I-Adjective)
vexing; kuyashii desu (I-Adjective)
dreadful; osoroshii desu (I-Adjective)
enviable; urayamashii des  (I-Adjective)


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